【專題】追擊亞洲四國 eID ,資安、法制全面釋疑

犧牲資安換取便利?法制不全政府擴權?台灣「數位晶片身分證」發行緊急喊卡,資安和法律的質疑聲浪再掀高峰。目前時下討論文章多以歐洲國家為主,OCF 特此訪問日本、韓國、馬來西亞、新加坡,用較貼近台灣的亞洲 4 鄰國作為前車之鑑,洞悉 eID 各層面疑慮!


亦提供以上三篇文章的英文翻譯版本,歡迎分享給使用英文的朋友閱覽。

INFO 專文

【追擊亞洲 eID(三)】亞洲國家數位身份證的使用概況(下篇:新加坡、南韓、台灣)

本文將接續《亞洲國家數位身份證的使用概況》的上篇,介紹「非強制性推廣智慧裝置數位身分證」的南韓、新加坡,以及尚在轉型階段的台灣現況,並彙整訪談國家之資訊,談台灣的數位辨識發展可借鑑他國先例之處。

作者/採訪者:張苓蕾;編輯:OCF Lab

(Photo by rupixen.com on Unsplash)
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【追擊亞洲 eID(二)】亞洲國家數位身份證的使用概況(上篇:日本、馬來西亞)

去五十年來,資訊科技日新月異已將我們推向數位人生,許多國家選擇與時並進,一一加入數位化的行列,亞洲各國也不例外。近年來數位身份證 (eID) 席捲全球,有了數位身份證,人們再也不必在凌亂的皮包裡翻找各種證件,只須一張卡片就能讀取重要的個人資訊,但這樣的便利其實伴隨著個人資料外洩的資安疑慮。面對數位身份證,有些國家選擇強制推行,讓使用普及度提高,更好施展相關政策與規劃;有些國家讓民眾保有選擇權,放緩國家數位化的速度,使國人有足夠時間適應這種新的生活模式。

※關於 MyKad 駕照相關敘述,於 2021/1/12 更正內容。

作者/採訪者:張苓蕾;編輯:OCF Lab

(Photo by rupixen.com on Unsplash)

本文將探討數位身份證在亞洲五個國家的推動與發展,依照不同推行機制,(上)篇文章介紹「非強制推廣數位身份」的日本與「強制推廣數位身分證」的馬來西亞;(下)篇文章則介紹「非強制性推廣智慧裝置數位身分證」的南韓、新加坡,以及尚在轉型階段的台灣現況,以帶讀者一覽數位身份證在亞洲的使用情況。

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【追擊亞洲 eID(一)】數位身分證在台灣:被低估的隱私及資安風險

不過是加個晶片,明明更方便,為何這麼多專家學者急跳腳?本文作為〈追擊 eID〉系列的首篇,將簡潔地介紹「數位晶片身分證」與其相關政策缺失帶來的 4 項疑慮,以及可避免個資外洩甚至國安問題的 3 點建議。

作者:何明諠;編輯:OCF Lab

(Photo credit: 內政部釋出圖片)

台灣自 2015 年起再次啟動全面換發數位身分證的計畫,這是政府在 1998 年及 2005 年後,第三次正式啟動與數位身分的計畫。
本次製作數位身分證的政策自 2015 年發起至今歷經了多次修正。目前最新的計畫,是政府預計將現有的身分證結合自然人憑證,製作成新式數位晶片身分證,並預計於 2021年 1 月於澎湖縣、新竹市、新北市板橋區及永和區試辦, 2021 年 7 月開始全面換發(此文撰於 2020/11,12 月時四區已退出試辦,且換發暫緩)。

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On the Use of Digital Identity in Asia (3) – Digital Identity in Singapore & South Korea

Written by Lynette Chang | Edited by OCF Lab

Following the release of previous part, this article will look at the non-mandatory implementation of digital and mobile ID via smart devices in Singapore and South Korea, as well as the transition to the use of eIDs in Taiwan. By comparing and contrasting the digital ID experiences in these Asian countries, we hope to identify areas that Taiwan can learn from to improve its digital ID experience when it is rolled out next year.

Non-Mandatory Digital/ Mobile ID via Smart Devices: Singapore and South Korea

Singapore’s National Digital Identity Initiative has seen the launching of the Singapore Personal Access (SingPass) Mobile application in 2018. The SingPass Mobile app, which users may access via a 6-digit passcode or biometrically through fingerprint or facial recognition, is a one-stop portal that allows users to access various government services such as MyTax, Singapore’s online tax portal.

未分類

On the Use of Digital Identity in Asia (2) – Digital Identity in Japan & Malaysia

Written by Lynette Chang | Edited by OCF Lab

Following the release of previous article in Taiwan, this one will have a look at the non-mandatory digital ID in Japan, and mandatory myKad in Malaysia.

※ About the description of MyKad and driver’s license, the content had been corrected on January 12, 2021.

Non-mandatory Digital ID Cards: My Number Card in Japan

All residents in Japan including foreign nationals are issued a unique 12-digit Social Security and Tax Number affectionately known as ‘My Number’. Residents may request for a physical My Number Card to access various online administrative services, such as Japan’s online tax portal e-Tax. The card contains photo identification and an IC chip for online identification.

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On the Use of Digital Identity in Asia (1) – Digital ID in Taiwan

Written by Ho Ming-hsuan | Edited by OCF Lab

The digital revolution in the last half-decade has made digital life a new norm, and many countries are joining a growing number of people in transitioning into a ‘walletless’ future. First there was contactless payment, which allows users to pay through their mobile devices. Now, electronic and digital forms of identification are taking the world by storm. Gone are the days where we had to fumble through card after card to finally reach for the right one. Now, all our essential information is available at our fingertips with just a single card or smart device in hand. 

未分類

RightsCon 2020: activists’ networking opportunity under the border control.

Author | Open Culture Foundation

It is the first time, RightsCon was being held as a fully online event. However, it is not rare in 2020 since COVID-19 became the global pandemic. Although we all look forward to attending the event in person and to meet old friends and new friends face to face, it is great to see 2020 RightsCon instead of a cancellation statement.

One of the challenges when planning the global online event is the agenda timeline. Since Open Culture Foundation (OCF) is based in Taipei, Taiwan. Most RightsCon sessions happened between 20:00 pm – 04:00 am in our time zone. It is tough to participate after midnight. But still, this is not a big problem when talking about global online events.

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